Slaughter, Stockyard and Lairiage Systems for Beef Cattle
1. Large high speed Cattle slaughter plant serpentine. The facility is designed with a revolving double gate system in the crowd pen and two single file chutes (race). One chute is the primary; the second auxiliary chute is used in the case of an animal down in the primary chute. Each chute is 30-inches (76.20cm) wide, and 66-inches (167cm) high. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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1. Large high speed Cattle slaughter plant serpentine. The facility is designed with a revolving double gate system in the crowd pen and two single file chutes (race). One chute is the primary; the second auxiliary chute is used in the case of an animal down in the primary chute. Each chute is 30-inches (76.20cm) wide, and 66-inches (167cm) high. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com


2. Half circle concrete crowd pen in large cattle slaughter plant. A single file chute 30-inch (76.20cm) wide and 66-inches high (167cm) is used. The round crowd pen is efficient because it takes advantage of the natural tendency of cattle to go back where they came from. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
2. Half circle concrete crowd pen in large cattle slaughter plant. A single file chute 30-inch (76.20cm) wide and 66-inches high (167cm) is used. The round crowd pen is efficient because it takes advantage of the natural tendency of cattle to go back where they came from. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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3. A 30 degree funnel into the single file chute does not look dead-ended to the cattle. The cattle enter the single file chute with a minimum of encouragement from the handler with the flag stick on the outside of the crowd pen. An auxiliary chute is used to prevent breaks in the line if an animal goes down in the primary chute. Handling in this facility is very efficient because skilled handlers are filling the crowd pen only half full. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
3. A 30 degree funnel into the single file chute does not look dead-ended to the cattle. The cattle enter the single file chute with a minimum of encouragement from the handler with the flag stick on the outside of the crowd pen. An auxiliary chute is used to prevent breaks in the line if an animal goes down in the primary chute. Handling in this facility is very efficient because skilled handlers are filling the crowd pen only half full. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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4. Small groups of cattle are moved from the stockyard (lairage) towards the crowding pen by handlers using plastic bags as a driving aid. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
4. Small groups of cattle are moved from the stockyard (lairage) towards the crowding pen by handlers using plastic bags as a driving aid. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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5. A restricted space cattle handling system in this medium sized slaughter plant with a concrete single file chute. This system works well because there is a 20-foot (6m) straight section of single file chute (race) before the first turn. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
5. A restricted space cattle handling system in this medium sized slaughter plant with a concrete single file chute. This system works well because there is a 20-foot (6m) straight section of single file chute (race) before the first turn. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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6. A medium sized slaughter plant handling system built with steel solid sided fences. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
6. A medium sized slaughter plant handling system built with steel solid sided fences. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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7. The 66-inch (167cm) high concrete walls in this single file chute prevent cattle from seeing people and other distractions ahead. Blocking vision keeps cattle calm in this beef slaughter plant. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
7. The 66-inch (167cm) high concrete walls in this single file chute prevent cattle from seeing people and other distractions ahead. Blocking vision keeps cattle calm in this beef slaughter plant. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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8. Deep grooved concrete floors prevent slipping and falling. Cattle get nervous on slippery floors. When cattle are being moved up this alley handlers are instructed to duck down below the height of the fence to keep cattle from balking. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
8. Deep grooved concrete floors prevent slipping and falling. Cattle get nervous on slippery floors. When cattle are being moved up this alley handlers are instructed to duck down below the height of the fence to keep cattle from balking. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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9. Herringbone pens in a large beef slaughter plant yard (lairage). Cattle enter the pens from the alleys on the outside, and exit towards the crowd pen through the center alley. All cattle movement is one-way. Cattle are held short term in the pens at a stocking density of 20 square feet per animal. A cattle water trough is placed between every other pen. The center alley is the high point. Pens are washed from the center alley towards a wash water drain on the outside of the entrance alleys. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
9. Herringbone pens in a large beef slaughter plant yard (lairage). Cattle enter the pens from the alleys on the outside, and exit towards the crowd pen through the center alley. All cattle movement is one-way. Cattle are held short term in the pens at a stocking density of 20 square feet per animal. A cattle water trough is placed between every other pen. The center alley is the high point. Pens are washed from the center alley towards a wash water drain on the outside of the entrance alleys. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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10. Pre-formed concrete walls are used in this large slaughter plant yard. Styrofoam blocks are placed in the concrete forms for the ventilation gaps. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
10. Pre-formed concrete walls are used in this large slaughter plant yard. Styrofoam blocks are placed in the concrete forms for the ventilation gaps. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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11. An 8-foot (2.4m) wide un-loading ramp. The ramp has 12-foot (30.48cm) wide steps 3-1/2-inch (89cm) high. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
11. An 8-foot (2.4m) wide un-loading ramp. The ramp has 12-foot (30.48cm) wide steps 3-1/2-inch (89cm) high. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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12. A center track restrainer in a large beef cattle slaughter plant. The cattle ride quietly because the curved shape of the conveyor is formed to fit their chest (brisket).  www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
12. A center track restrainer in a large beef cattle slaughter plant. The cattle ride quietly because the curved shape of the conveyor is formed to fit their chest (brisket). www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
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13. Light shining in cattle’s eyes causes balking. Pointing the light toward the door improved cattle movement. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com 13
13. Light shining in cattle’s eyes causes balking. Pointing the light toward the door improved cattle movement. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
14.Top rail was rolled at the machine shop on the radius of the crowd pen. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com 14
14.Top rail was rolled at the machine shop on the radius of the crowd pen. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
15. Side wash sprayers in single file chute. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com 15
15. Side wash sprayers in single file chute. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
16. Deep grooved concrete floors prevent slipping and falling. Shade cloth over pens keeps cattle cool, and a mist spray cleans cattle and prevents overheating. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com 16
16. Deep grooved concrete floors prevent slipping and falling. Shade cloth over pens keeps cattle cool, and a mist spray cleans cattle and prevents overheating. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
17. Over-head sprinklers wash cattle and cool them down on the way to the restrainer. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com 17
17. Over-head sprinklers wash cattle and cool them down on the way to the restrainer. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
18. A Google Earth Image of a curved handling system at a high speed slaughter plant. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com 18
18. A Google Earth Image of a curved handling system at a high speed slaughter plant. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
19. Hog slaughter plant. Solid fence is 42in. high and 10ga. Solid steel sheets are used for sides. Grooved concrete floors keep hogs from slipping and falling. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com 19
19. Hog slaughter plant. Solid fence is 42in. high and 10ga. Solid steel sheets are used for sides. Grooved concrete floors keep hogs from slipping and falling. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
20. Overhead lighting prevents shadows that cause balking. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com 20
20. Overhead lighting prevents shadows that cause balking. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
21. Concrete water tanks keep water cool in hot climates. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com 21
21. Concrete water tanks keep water cool in hot climates. www.grandinlivestockhandlingsystems.com
       

 


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